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Buying a house? Some things you will need to know about stamp duty
New research from the London School of Economics and the VATT Institute for Economic Research has found that stamp duty on homes is exacerbating the housing crisis as it makes it more difficult for young people to get a foot on the housing ladder.
They say their findings show that the tax deters people from moving house putting pensioners off downsizing and blocking access to decent sized, family homes for many people across the country. The study estimates that the level of people moving home would grow by 27% if stamp duty was completely abolished.
Co-author of the report, Professor Christian Hilber, commented on the findings to say; “The key message of our paper is that stamp duty hampers mobility significantly. If you are a young family and you have an additional child, you’ll need an additional room, but the stamp duty is discouraging this kind of move because of the additional cost and lack of available homes to move into.”
As stamp duty becomes a problem for many, from affordability issues to housing mobility problems, we’ve put together some information on what you will need to know about stamp duty if you are planning on buying a house soon. For more information regarding stamp duty, get in touch with a tax adviser or a conveyancing solicitor.
You will only be charged when you buy a residential property over the cost of £125,000
For residential properties costing over £125,000, you will be required to pay stamp duty however for properties under that threshold you will not have to pay any stamp duty on your purchase. If you are planning on buying a commercial property then stamp duty rates are slightly different and you will only pay on properties bought for over £150,000; this also applies to mixed use properties such as shops with a flat above it.
You are required to pay within 30 days of the transaction
You do not have to pay stamp duty on the day your house purchase completes and you have 30 days to pay but if you don’t pay within that timeframe you will be charged a late payment penalty and interest by HMRC.
On most occasions, if you are using a solicitor for conveyancing services then they will deal with paying any stamp duty for you as long as you transfer the money to them before completion. For any further questions on this, you should get in touch with your conveyancing solicitor.
There are different rates of stamp duty
Last year, the Chancellor Philip Hammond changed the way that stamp duty works by introducing different rates dependent on the price of the house you are buying. The new rates for stamp duty are:
- £0 – £125,000 – 0%
- £125,000 – £250,000 – 2%
- £250,001 – £925,000 – 5%
- £925,001 – £1.5million – 7%
- £1.5million + – 12%
The government introduced these tiered schemes as a way to save people money on the amount of stamp duty they pay on the property they purchase. It is estimated that 98% of people will be better off under the new scheme with only those buying homes over £1.5million ending up paying more in the long run.
If you are buying a second home then you will be required to pay a duty on all residential properties above £40,000. Regardless of whether you keep the home for yourself or buy it to let it out, you will be required to pay an extra 3% on top of the current rates of stamp duty.
So a second house bought for £80,000 would see stamp duty of 3% added whereas a second house bought for £400,000 would have stamp duty of 8%. If you buy a new main residence before selling your old house then you will have to pay stamp duty as you now own two properties.
However, you can request a refund if:
- You sell your previous main residence within three years of buying your new main residence
- You claim a refund within three months of selling your previous main residence or within 12 months of the filing date of a self-assessment tax return, whichever of these comes later.
When would I not need to pay stamp duty?
Unless you buy a house for under £125,000, you will have to pay stamp duty on your purchase but there are some occasions when stamp duty is not payable or it can be reduced in some way. This includes:
- The transfer of deeds of your home to someone else, as a gift or in your will.
- If the price you pay for your house is slightly over a band then you could ask the seller or estate agent if they will accept a slightly lower price.
- If you divorce or separate from your partner then there will be no duty to pay if you transfer a proportion of the value of the home to them. For more information regarding this, get in touch with a conveyancing or family solicitor.
If you are buying a home and have any questions surrounding stamp duty, we recommend you get in touch with a tax adviser, conveyancing solicitor or estate agent who should be able to answer your queries.